Category Archives: Documents

Lions Go Digital: The Internet’s transformative potential in Africa – A Report by McKinsey Global Institute

African major cities embracing the internet. Source: Mckinsey Report

African major cities embracing the internet. Source: Mckinsey Report


McKinsey Global Institute published a report in November 2013 that highlights Africa’s internet opportunity. This report offers some great insights into Africa’s changing economic landscape and how the internet is contributing to the growth of African economies. In this report the authors introduce iGDP a measurement of the Internet’s contribution to overall GDP.
The Internet’s contribution to Africa’s overall GDP. Source: Mckinsey Report

The Internet’s contribution to Africa’s overall GDP. Source: Mckinsey Report

According to this report Africa’s iGDP is 1.1 percent which is half of what other emerging economies register while Internet penetration hovers at 16 percent across the continent as a whole. The report goes further to look at internet penetration in rural and urban areas.

Other Notable Statistics found in this Report on internet in Africa today
Africa has;
-16% internet penetration
-167 Million internet users
-67 Million Smartphones
-Over 50% of Urban residents are online
-51.6 Million Facebook Users and
-$ 18 Billion internet contribution to GDP

The report is highly recommended because it provides statistics which can be used in the cyber-security debate plus it highlights the opportunity of internet connectivity.

Download the executive summary and the full report here;
MGI_Lions_go_digital_Executive_summary_Nov2013
MGI_Lions_go_digital_Full_report_Nov2013

Source: Mckinsey website

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Global Government Surveillance Reform: An Open Letter by Eight big IT companies

Below is an open letter to US President and Members of Congress by eight big IT companies (Google, Apple, Facebook, Twitter, AOL, Microsoft, LinkedIn, and Yahoo) under the auspices of Reform Government Surveillance group. The are asking for less state surveillance on personal data.

Dear Mr. President and Members of Congress,

We understand that governments have a duty to protect their citizens. But this summer’s revelations highlighted the urgent need to reform government surveillance practices worldwide. The balance in many countries has tipped too far in favor of the state and away from the rights of the individual — rights that are enshrined in our Constitution. This undermines the freedoms we all cherish. It’s time for a change.

For our part, we are focused on keeping users’ data secure — deploying the latest encryption technology to prevent unauthorized surveillance on our networks and by pushing back on government requests to ensure that they are legal and reasonable in scope.

We urge the US to take the lead and make reforms that ensure that government surveillance efforts are clearly restricted by law, proportionate to the risks, transparent and subject to independent oversight. To see the full set of principles we support, visit ReformGovernmentSurveillance.com

Sincerely,

AOL, Apple, Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Twitter, Yahoo

The Principles guiding this Group

1. Limiting Governments’ Authority to Collect Users’ Information
Governments should codify sensible limitations on their ability to compel service providers to disclose user data that balance their need for the data in limited circumstances, users’ reasonable privacy interests, and the impact on trust in the Internet. In addition, governments should limit surveillance to specific, known users for lawful purposes, and should not undertake bulk data collection of Internet communications.

2. Oversight and Accountability
Intelligence agencies seeking to collect or compel the production of information should do so under a clear legal framework in which executive powers are subject to strong checks and balances. Reviewing courts should be independent and include an adversarial process, and governments should allow important rulings of law to be made public in a timely manner so that the courts are accountable to an informed citizenry.

3. Transparency About Government Demands
Transparency is essential to a debate over governments’ surveillance powers and the scope of programs that are administered under those powers. Governments should allow companies to publish the number and nature of government demands for user information.
In addition, governments should also promptly disclose this data publicly.

4. Respecting the Free Flow of Information
The ability of data to flow or be accessed across borders is essential to a robust 21st century global economy. Governments should permit the transfer of data and should not inhibit access by companies or individuals to lawfully available information that is stored outside of the country. Governments should not require service providers to locate infrastructure within a country’s borders or operate locally.

5. Avoiding Conflicts Among Governments
In order to avoid conflicting laws, there should be a robust, principled, and transparent framework to govern lawful requests for data across jurisdictions, such as improved mutual legal assistance treaty — or “MLAT” — processes. Where the laws of one jurisdiction conflict with the laws of another, it is incumbent upon governments to work together to resolve the conflict.

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AUCC Timeline’s: Presentation made by Mr. Auguste Yankey of AU’s Information Society Division in Yaounde, Cameroon


The above presentation by Mr. Auguste Yankey of African Union’s Information Society Division made in Yaounde, Cameroon sheds some light on the process and timelines adopted by the African Union and United Nations Economic Community for Africa in adopting to eventual endorsement of the AUCC.

Key Timelines
1. The Oliver Thambo Declaration – Johannesburg, South Africa in November 2009 [Adoption of the Resolution]
2. The 14th AU Summit of Heads of State and Government declaration on ICT in Africa – Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. February 2010 [Endorsement of the Resolution]
3. The Abuja Declaration, CITMC-3 – Abuja, Nigeria. August 2010 [Confirmation of this resolution]
4. The Khartoum Declaration – Khartoum, Sudan. September 2012 [Endorsement of the Final AU draft Convention]

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Document: Call for Parliamentary Referendum Opposing the African Union Convention on the Confidence and Security in Cyberspace

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